Тесты ЕГЭ по английскому языку 2019

В этой публикации представлены онлайн тесты ЕГЭ по английскому языку 2019 с заданиями, решениями
и вариантами ответов, а также разбираются особенности и структура единого государственного экзамена.

КСения адамович
ЕГЭ по иностранным языкам выбирает не так много выпускников. Даже самый популярный язык – английский – обычно сдает меньше 10 процентов 11-классников. Что уж говорить про такие языки, как испанский или французский, которые выбирает лишь один из сотни абитуриентов. Впрочем, через несколько лет к списку иностранных языков, которые можно сдавать в формате ЕГЭ, добавят и китайский – предполагается, что это будет полезно жителям тех регионов, которые граничат с Китайской народной республикой.

Ну а пока, чтобы поступить в вуз по результатам ЕГЭ по инязу, нужно набрать не меньше 22 баллов. Это самый низкий результат среди остальных предметов, однако, это не означает, что получить такие баллы будет легко

Структура экзамена

Структура ЕГЭ по иностранным языкам отличается от остальных предметов своей разноплановостью. Всего в нем пять разделов: это аудирование, чтение, грамматика и лексика, а также устная часть экзамена. За каждый из разделов можно набрать до 20 баллов. От сдачи устной части можно отказаться — она нужна лишь тем, кто претендует на самые высокие баллы

Первые три раздела, аудирование, чтение и грамматика, включают в себя вопросы с кратким ответов. То есть, в бланке необходимо вписать слово или словосочетание, или же проставить нужные цифры. В этом разделе проверяются такие навыки, как слуховое восприятие информации, восприятие текста и структурно-смысловых связей в нем.

Среди заданий с развернутым ответом нужно будет написать небольшое письмо и эссе с высказываниями по предложенным темам. Важно, чтобы объем сочинения был от 200 до 250 слов, так что стоит уделить подсчету пару минут. Письмо нужно уместить в 100 — 140 слов.

В устной части от выпускника сказать несколько фраз на предложенную тему, описать картинку, а также сравнить две фотографии. Разговаривать придется не с собеседником, а с микрофоном, поэтому перед стартом записи надо будет убедиться, что запись идет корректно, и постараться говорить четко и понятно.

Сколько времени дается на выполнение упражнений

Единый государственный экзамен по иностранным языкам длится 195 минут. Эксперты рекомендуют отводить на упражнения из раздела "Аудирование" не больше 30 минут, еще столько же оставить на чтение, 40 минут потратить на раздел "Лексика и грамматика", и 80 минут оставить на письменную часть и эссе. Устная часть экзамена длится всего 15 минут.

Вспомогательные материалы

К сожалению, взять с собой словарь на экзамен не получится. Правила допускают проносить с собой в аудиторию только паспорт и ручки, ну и бутылку с водой. Всю необходимую технику для аудирования и устной части предоставляют организаторы. Все другие девайсы и гаджеты в классах строго запрещены, за это можно вылететь с экзамена и попасть на пересдачу уже только через год.

Пройти онлайн-тест по английскому языку

Тест по английскому языку
В онлайн-тесте представлены вопросы из разделов "Чтение" и "Грамматика и лексика" демо-версии ЕГЭ по английскому языку 2019.
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Установите соответствие между текстами A–G (кликните, чтобы посмотреть тексты) и заголовками 1–8 (см. рисунок). Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
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Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7 (см. рисунок). Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.
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Прочитайте текст (кликните, чтобы посмотреть текст). Выберите верный вариант ответа.
When she moved to Scotland, the student was mostly confused by …
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Which of the following was NOT mentioned as a reason for the author's culture shock?
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The word "daunting" in " … a daunting task" (paragraph 3) is closest in meaning to …
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In paragraph 4 "Then I had to adjust to …" the author stresses that it was difficult for her to get used to …
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According to the author, parties she got used to in the Netherlands …
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Which of the following statements, according to the author, is TRUE about international students in Stirling?
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The expression "the ones" in "… most of the ones I experienced …" (paragraph 7) refers to …
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 10–12.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 10–12.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 10–12.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 13–16.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 13–16.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 13–16.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 13–16.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 17–22.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 17–22.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 17–22.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 17–22.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 17–22.
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Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 17–22.
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Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 23–29. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 23–29, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Выберите верный вариант ответа.

Olivia


I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I 23 ______ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who 24 ______ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and 25 ______ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned 26 ______ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could 27 ______ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I 28 ______ that I was dressing with unusual care.
She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn't help thinking that something was wrong. There was no 29 ______ to think the worst. However, I couldn't make myself propose to her.
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Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 23–29. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 23–29, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Выберите верный вариант ответа.

Olivia


I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I 23 ______ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who 24 ______ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and 25 ______ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned 26 ______ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could 27 ______ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I 28 ______ that I was dressing with unusual care.
She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn't help thinking that something was wrong. There was no 29 ______ to think the worst. However, I couldn't make myself propose to her.
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Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 23–29. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 23–29, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Выберите верный вариант ответа.

Olivia


I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I 23 ______ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who 24 ______ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and 25 ______ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned 26 ______ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could 27 ______ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I 28 ______ that I was dressing with unusual care.
She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn't help thinking that something was wrong. There was no 29 ______ to think the worst. However, I couldn't make myself propose to her.
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Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 23–29. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 23–29, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Выберите верный вариант ответа.

Olivia


I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I 23 ______ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who 24 ______ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and 25 ______ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned 26 ______ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could 27 ______ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I 28 ______ that I was dressing with unusual care.
She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn't help thinking that something was wrong. There was no 29 ______ to think the worst. However, I couldn't make myself propose to her.
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Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 23–29. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 23–29, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Выберите верный вариант ответа.

Olivia


I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I 23 ______ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who 24 ______ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and 25 ______ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned 26 ______ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could 27 ______ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I 28 ______ that I was dressing with unusual care.
She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn't help thinking that something was wrong. There was no 29 ______ to think the worst. However, I couldn't make myself propose to her.
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Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 23–29. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 23–29, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Выберите верный вариант ответа.

Olivia


I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I 23 ______ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who 24 ______ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and 25 ______ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned 26 ______ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could 27 ______ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I 28 ______ that I was dressing with unusual care.
She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn't help thinking that something was wrong. There was no 29 ______ to think the worst. However, I couldn't make myself propose to her.
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Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 23–29. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 23–29, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Выберите верный вариант ответа.

Olivia


I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I 23 ______ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who 24 ______ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and 25 ______ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned 26 ______ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could 27 ______ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I 28 ______ that I was dressing with unusual care.
She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn't help thinking that something was wrong. There was no 29 ______ to think the worst. However, I couldn't make myself propose to her.
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Похоже, вы в школе учили какой-то другой язык. Увы, результат неудовлетворительный.
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Слишком мало правильных ответов для того, чтобы сдать экзамен. Вам нужно еще много заниматься английским языком.
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Знания английского языка у вас средние. Чтобы успешно сдать экзамен, вам нужно еще как следует подготовиться. Время еще есть.
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Вы неплохо знаете английский язык, но чтобы получить высокий бал на экзамене свои знания нужно подтянуть.
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Вы правильно ответили на большинство вопросов теста, вы хорошо знаете английский язык. Поздравляем!
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A. The word "Perm" first appeared in the 12th century in the Primary Chronicle, the main source describing the early history of the Russian people. The Perm were listed among the people who paid tribute to the Rus. The origin of the word "Perm" remains unclear. Most likely, the word came from the Finno-Ugric languages and meant "far land" or "flat, forested place". But some local residents say it may have come from Per, a hero and the main character of many local legends.

B. Novgorodian traders were the first to show an interest in Perm. Starting from the 15th century, the Muscovite princes included the area in their plans to create a unified Russian state. During this time the first Russian villages appeared in the northern part of the region. The first industry to appear in the area was a salt factory, which developed on the Usolka river in the city of Solikamsk. Rich salt reserves generated great interest on the part of Russia's wealthiest merchants, some of whom bought land there.

C. The history of the modern city of Perm starts with the development of the Ural region by Tsar Peter the Great. Perm became the capital of the region in 1781 when the territorial structure of the country was reformed. A special commission determined that the best place would be at the crossroads of the
Trans-Siberian Railroad, which runs east-west and the Kazan line, which runs north-south. This choice resulted in Perm becoming a major trade and industrial centre. The city quickly grew to ecome one of the biggest in the region.

D. Perm is generally stable and peaceful, so the shocks of 1917 did not reach it right away. Neither did they have the same bloody results as in Petrograd. Perm tried to distance itself from the excesses and did not share the enthusiasm for change of its neighbours. Residents supported more moderate parties. They voted for the establishment of a west European style democracy in Russia. Unfortunately, the city could not stay completely unaffected, as both the White and the Red armies wanted its factories.

F. During the Second World War many factories were moved to Perm Oblast and continued to work there after it ended. Chemicals, non-ferrous metallurgy, and oil refining were the key industries after the war. Other factories produced aircraft engines, equipment for telephones, ships, bicycles, and cable. Perm press produces about 70 percent of Russia's currency and stamped envelopes. Nowadays several major business companies are located in Perm. The biggest players of Russian aircraft industry are among them.

G.
Perm has at least a dozen theatres featuring productions that are attracting audiences from faraway cities, and even from abroad. The broad esplanade running from the city's main square has become the site of almost continuous international art, theatre and music fairs during the summer. Even the former prison camp with grim walls outside town was converted into a theater last July
for a production of "Fidelio", Beethoven's opera about political repression. The performance was well-reviewed.
The life of Pi

"The Life of Pi" published in 2001 is the third book by the Canadian author Yann Martel. It has A_______________________, won several prizes and been translated into forty-one languages. At the start of the book, we B_______________________ in India. His father owns the city zoo and the family home is in the zoo. When they aren't at school, Pi and his brother help their father at the zoo and he learns a lot about animals.
When Pi is sixteen, his parents decide to close the zoo and move to Canada. They travel by ship taking the animals with them. On the way, there is C_______________________. Sadly, Pi's family and the sailors all die in the storm, but Pi lives and finds himself in a lifeboat with a hyena, zebra, orangutan and an enormous tiger. At first, Pi is scared of the animals and jumps into the ocean. Then he remembers there are sharks in the water and decides to climb back into the lifeboat. One by one, the animals in the lifeboat kill and eat each other, till only Pi and the tiger are left alive. Luckily for Pi, there is D_______________________, but he soon needs to start catching fish. He feeds the tiger to stop it killing and eating him. He also uses a whistle and E_______________________ and show it that he's the boss.
Pi and the tiger spend 227 days in the lifeboat. They live through terrible storms and the burning heat of the Pacific sun. They are often hungry and ill. Finally, they arrive at the coast of Mexico, but you will have to F_______________________ in the end!
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The culture shock of being an international student

For any student, moving away from home can be a bit scary. But I did not expect student life in Scotland to be all that different from my home of the Netherlands. After all, we get the same news and TV shows online. Many students find the northwest climate can affect them a lot. You may find the grayness and dampness, especially during the winter months, difficult to get used to. However,
when I moved from Amsterdam to study at the University of Stirling, I began to realise that a few minor issues were catching me off balance. I was suffering a minor cultural shock.

In my first year, I quickly found out my English was not as good as I had assumed. Most of my roommates were born and raised in Scotland, and I constantly found myself having to ask people to repeat themselves. Their Scottish accents did not help and I was mispronouncing names and places all the time. I also got confused about minor cultural things. Much to my flatmates' amusement, it took me two Christmases to figure out that mince pies are not actually filled with minced beef.

The linguistic barrier meant that public transport was tricky at first. I found the lack of information about bus prices and how and where to get tickets really surprising. It turned a simple 15-minute journey into a daunting task.

Then I had to adjust to a new social life. I was surprised by the campus culture in the UK – in the Netherlands, most universities don't have one main campus where you can attend university, as well as live and exercise all in the same place. But here, you never have to leave campus if you don't want to. I had to adapt to everyone being so close to each other all the time.

Parties are different here too. In the Netherlands, the less effort you put into getting ready, the better. I'd normally slip on my trusty Converse shoes, along with some clothes I could get away with wearing to class tomorrow, and wear minimal make-up. But, in my experience, partying is more formal in the UK. Your make-up needs to be flawless and your hair needs to be immaculate. You'll preferably be
wearing a dress and heels, too. I was constantly having to borrow clothes off my friends just to fit in. Parties finish early and everyone just wanders off, whereas in my country that would be the time I'd leave the house.

But it is not all early closing times and strange pastries. Social behaviours may also confuse, surprise or offend you. For example, you may find people appear cold, distant or always in a hurry. Cultures are built on deeply-embedded sets of values, norms, assumptions and beliefs. It can be surprising and sometimes distressing to find that people do not share some of your most deeply held ideas, as
most of us take our core values and beliefs for granted and assume they are universally held.

However, I have found lots of pleasant surprises in the UK too – and so have many other international students I know. My friend Agnes was taken aback by how sociable people are. She says she was shocked when complete strangers started talking to her at the bus stop. I, personally, was surprised by how smartly male students in Stirling dress compared to my home country.

Culture shock can knock your confidence in the beginning. But you are not alone in taking time to adapt, and soon you start to come to grips with all experiences. Studies suggest that taking a gap year or studying abroad can positively influence your brain to make you more outgoing and open to new ideas. Looking back, most of the ones I experienced made good stories to tell my friends.

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